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perturb

时间:2021-09-10 06:28人气:来源: 未知
vt. 扰乱, 使混乱, 使心绪不宁动词过去式:perturbed 过去分词:perturbed 现在分词:perturbing 第三人称单数:perturbs 形容词:perturbable 
upset, agitate, disturb, perturb
这些动词均有“使不安,使心烦意乱”之意。
upset: 最普通,最通俗用词,侧重失去精神上的平静,心理上完全丧失平衡。
agitate: 侧重指内心的焦虑,难于控制,表露于外。
disturb: 指因某人的行动、扰乱、妨碍安静等而使人不得安宁。
perturb: 书面语用词,指使人焦急烦恼,扰得心情不安。

动词 perturb:

  1. disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
    同义词:unhinge, disquiet, trouble, cark, distract, disorder
  2. disturb or interfere with the usual path of an electron or atom
  3. cause a celestial body to deviate from a theoretically regular orbital motion, especially as a result of interposed or extraordinary gravitational pull
  4. throw into great confusion or disorder
    同义词:derange, throw out of kilter
  1. King Herod was greatly perturbed when he heard this;and so was the whole of Jerusalem.
    希律王听后异常惊恐,耶路撒冷的全城居民也感到非常不安。
  2. The state of being perturbed; agitation.
    搅乱,混乱处于不安的状态; 动荡

per.turb

v.tr.(及物动词)
per.turbed,per.turb.ing,per.turbs
To disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious.
使非常烦恼;使不安,使忧虑
To throw into great confusion.
使疑惑不解
Physics Astronomy To cause perturbation, as of a celestial orbit.
【物理学】 【天文学】 摄动:引起摄动,如天空中轨道的

来源:
Middle English perturben
中古英语 perturben
from Old French perturber
源自 古法语 perturber
from Latin perturb3re
源自 拉丁语 perturb3re
per- [per-]
per- [前缀,表示.通过,穿过.]
turb3re [to throw into disorder] from turba [confusion] perhaps from Greek turbô
turb3re [使秩序混乱] 源自 turba [混乱] 可能源自 希腊语 turbô

【引伸】
perturb.able
adj.(形容词)

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